विद्याभारती E पाठशाला

Matter in our surroundings, Class- 9, Chapter- 1

Anything which occupies space and has mass is called matter. Air and water, sugar and sand, hydrogen and oxygen etc.Ancient Indian philosophers said that all the matter, living or non-living was made up of five basic elements (panch tatva): air, earth, fire, sky and water.Modern day scientists classify matter in two ways: on the basis of its physical properties and on the basis of its chemical properties.On the basis of physical properties, matter is classified as solids, liquids and gases.On the basis of chemical properties, matter is classified as elements, compounds and mixtures.
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